For those following the Syrian conflict, Bellingcat has become a byword for fake science and fake investigation, all carried out for the purposes of propaganda against Syria and to facilitate an airstrike on that country. The shoddiness of Bellingcat’s work and its blatant bias is an ongoing source of ridicule on social media.  Bellingcat has produced widely debunked ‘investigations’ on matters relating to Syria such as the Ghouta sarin attack, the alleged Russian attack on an aid convoy,  Bana Alabed’s twitter account and the Khan Sheikoun chemical attack, along with the downing of MH17 over the Ukraine (see Bibliography below).  In all cases Bellingcat is firmly on the side of Nato interests from the outset.

Bellingcat was founded by Eliot Higgins, college dropout, gamer, blogger and self-taught forensic scientist.   He now works for the Atlantic Council.

Bellingcat always starts from the position of a lawyer defending Nato interests, aiming to refute and discredit rather than to investigate facts or claims.

It came as a shock to many when Tim Hayward, academic and regular contributor to  21st Century Wire, which is not known for compromising on issues to do with Syria, suddenly produced an article that endorsed Bellingcat and its founder Eliot Higgins, without reservation.

The huge gulf between Hayward and the vast majority of pro-Syrian activists or commentators is unmistakable.

Bellingcat has a difficult job, and I have a certain admiration for its founder and leading light, Eliot Higgins. For those who don’t know, the difficult job is to set the record straight when US-UK foreign policy is challenged on the truthfulness of its factual premises. The particular skill required is in maintaining a reputation for reliable and truthful analysis at the same time.

That Bellingcat sees its job as anything like setting the record straight, is a claim that both anti-war activists and scientists have been contesting for years (see bibliography).

And if Bellingcat has a reputation anywhere for reliable and truthful analysis, it has been artificially and dishonestly created by anti-Syria forces, and has no basis in fact.

I respect that Eliot Higgins does his work with dedication and, from my experience, good humour and civility. Some of his associates will owe their positions to their research skills rather than talents of persuasive communication, but together they make a diligent and, for the most part, effective team.

Given that Bellingcat’s work, solely and absolutely, is disinformation, being effective is hardly a desirable attribute. And that being that case, the good humour and civility hardly figure.

“Some of his associates will owe their positions to their research skills” – no examples, no analysis given.  Hayward is strongly implying that the focus of the team is on genuine research even if, simple honest people that they are, communication skills are not a priority.

Higgins is sharp and resourceful. His deft ability to see certain key aspects of a problem and devise insightful and innovative ways of analysing it have brought him deserved renown.

Or to put it another way, Higgins determination to ignore all the known facts and options in order to fulfill his brief of making propaganda against perceived enemies of the West has brought him deserved ridicule.

As an academic myself, I have thus come to regard Eliot – I hope not too presumptuously – as a colleague.

That Tim Hayward should endorse the totally unqualified Eliot Higgins as an academic and a colleague says more about Hayward than it does about Higgins.

His scrupulousness was clear to see only last Sunday. I put it to him – in an amateurish way, via Twitter – that the UK Government could not quite rule out the possibility of opposition forces in Syria having access to the kinds of chemical found in the recent OPCW tests on samples said to come from Khan Sheikhoun this April. Higgins was very gracious in response to my simplistic question, and very patient, given how long he has been studying these matters in depth.

“Scrupulousness” and “Studying these matters in depth” is correct, but Hayward is putting a very charitable spin on the Bellingcat way of studying events to see how they can be used against the Syrian and Russian governments.

Peter Hitchens, the famously independent-minded and highly experienced journalist, published a piece in the Mail on Sunday (found half way down the page here) arguing that while everyone now realises we were lied to about Iraq, it would be a very good idea also to check now, rather than 15 years after the event, whether we are being lied to about Syria.

Yes, and in the vanguard of those who are lying to us about Syria is Bellingcat, which Hayward does NOT acknowledge.  (As an aside, Tim Hayward must be aware of the evidence that Peter Hitchens plagiarised the painstaking work of John Delacour on Khan Sheikhoun, to enable himself to come in just a few days from a position of almost complete ignorance on the subject to that of ‘expert’ who had carried out exceptional investigative journalism, see bibliography.)

Certainly, we have learned – as millions of people have died in the showing – that if the lie is big enough, the circulation of it will acquire a great deal of momentum and can take a long time to stop. Better to try and stop it at the outset.

Hayward is still not admitting that Higgins is one of those responsible for the circulating of lies.

Between them, Robinson and Hitchens brought a professional edge to the engagement with Bellingcat in the Twitter colloquium, exemplifying the kind of constructive collaboration that is possible – and arguably much needed – between journalists and academics. The upshot was edifying. Higgins admitted it was just a judgement call whether the Syrian government was responsible for the Khan Sheikhoun incident. On the specific question whether opposition access to relevant chemicals could be ruled out, Higgins was clear on behalf of Bellingcat that the UK Government position is an ‘opinion’.

Higgins admission on twitter that the UK government position is an opinion, is presumably Hayward’s evidence of Bellingcat’s scrupulousness.

The government, of course, has opinions on many things that are not shared by all reasonable people. So we should not allow any rush to judgment about who was responsible for the incident on the basis of the UK statement relayed by Ambassador Adams.  […]

Well, no, but Hayward is careful not to suggest that Higgins might be guilty of that fault.

It is said that the first casualty of war is truth. This is a compelling reason for us to fight for truth to prevent war, as urgently and as long as we can. If I admire Eliot Higgins for his skills, determination and good grace, I reserve admiration of a wholly distinct order for people who go up against governments to press for acknowledgement of the truth, even when doing so calls for remarkable courage. In the course of Sunday’s Twitter colloquium, one of the voices called as a witness to Syrian opposition capacities was that of Serena Shim. […]

Again, the reference to Higgins’ personal attributes, and a complete ducking of the question whether skill and determination are so admirable if they are used for immoral purposes.  Like warmongering.

Hayward is not actually suggesting that Higgins does not press for the truth – he is merely leading, for reasons best known to himself, into a paragraph or two about Serena Shim, a journalist who certainly displayed both courage and integrity in her fight to reveal the truth about Syria.


At no point in this article does Hayward refer to or analyse the deficiencies in Bellingcat’s research.  AlthoughHayward has researched areas also covered by Bellingcat, such as the Bana Alabed twitter account, he makes no reference to the more obvious flaws in its fact-checking: the blatant falsehoods, the strawmen, and the failure to address essential points, never mind the question of the dubious science.

In sum, Hayward has given a wholehearted endorsement of Higgins and Bellingcat.  He has attributed to both characteristics which they are widely considered to possess in the negative, most bizarrely an aspiration to revealing the truth.  He has made no reference to Bellingcat’s fundamental objective of disseminating disinformation, the controversy attached to every single one of its reports, or to the derision with which Bellingcat is regarded by most people following the Syrian war.  He has made no reference to the fact that Bellingcat is funded to produce propaganda in order to facilitate open war on Syria.

Reactions to Hayward’s article have ranged from shock, disbelief and anger, to an amused assumption of satire, to spirited defence. The idea that the article was a satire had allure:

but Hayward’s response was hardly consistent with that of a misunderstood satirist.

Tim Hayward’s unashamed endorsement of Higgins and Bellingcat flies in the face of all the work that has been put into exposing Bellingcat over the years.  Failure to condemn it is inexcusable.


Postscript: after receiving numerous complaints, Tim Hayward first edited and then deleted the article.  The link is to a cached version.



Graham Phillips looks at the Bellingcat/Higgins phenomenon, in Eliot Higgins of Bellingcat, Who is He? Everything You Need to Know…

Ghouta sarin attack 21 August 2013

Bellingcat, Eliot Higgins, Attempts to Blame the Syrian Opposition for the August 21st Sarin Attacks Continue One Year On

Bellingcat, Dan Kaszeta, Examining the Turkish Sarin “Recipe”

WhoGhouta, Review of Turkish MPs Allegations

Downing of MH17 17 July 2014

Eliot Higgins, Bellingcat, e.g.  New July 17th Satellite Imagery Confirms Russia Produced Fake MH17 Evidence

Speigel interview with Jens Kriese, ‘Bellingcat Report Doesn’t Prove Anything’: Expert Criticizes Allegations of Russian MH17 Manipulation

Sputnik, Leaked Report Blows Lid Off Bellingcat’s Systematic Lying in MH17 Investigation

Alleged Russian bombing of aid convoy 21 September 2016

Bellingcat, Nick Water, Analysis of Syrian Red Crescent Aid Convoy Attack

Bellingcat, Eliot Higgins, Confirmed : Russian Bomb Remains Recovered from Syrian Red Crescent Aid Convoy Attack

Bana Alabed twitter account (@alabedbana)

Bellingcat,Nick Waters, Finding Bana – Proving the Existence of a 7-Year-Old Girl in Eastern Aleppo

Revisiting Bellingcat’s Fact-check on the Bana Project

Qoppa, Unravelling “Bana”: a Response to Bellingcat’s Article “Finding Bana”

Khan Sheikhoun chemical attack 4 April 2017

Bellingcat, The Khan Sheikhoun Chemical Attack, The Evidence So Far

Bellingcat, Eliot Higgins, Summary of Claims Surrounding the Khan Sheikhoun Chemical Attack.

Bellingcat’s later report on Khan Sheikhoun cited focuses on Hersh’s article, when others have carried out more detailed and more authoritative investigations.

Theodore Postol, Assessment of White House Intelligence Report About Nerve Agent Attack in Khan Shaykhun, Syria

Brandon Turbeville, MIT Chemical Weapons Expert Debunks Official Narrative Of Attacks At Khan Sheikhoun, Syria

John Delacour, twitter thread, so far more than 30 tweets: